Dominoes is a game in which players use 28 pieces to build rows of black and white tiles, which they knock down to make a single domino. It’s a popular family activity and an excellent teaching tool for teaching children about numbers.
Originally, dominoes were made of ebony and ivory. They were a common sight in masquerades during the 18th century, and were also used as a symbol of royalty. In French, dominoes were also called “capes,” and it’s possible that this came from the hooded cape worn by priests.
There are many different types of domino games, but the most basic are block-and-draw games for two to four players. Each player draws seven tiles from a stock of dominoes face down on the table. The leader, who generally plays the highest domino in the set, wins the game.
The most common commercially available sets are double-six (28 tiles) and double-nine (55 tiles). Larger sets, such as double-18 (190 tiles), are also used in some games; however, they are rarely found in the market.
These progressively larger sets are sometimes called “extended” because they increase the number of pips on each end by three. These pips on each end are generally arranged as spots from one to six, and each tile is a member of a suit.
A domino’s suit is determined by its number of pips on the end. The top of the deck is usually a domino from the suit of threes, with a blank end containing no spots.
Another domino’s suit is the 0 suit, which is composed of blank ends having no spots. The blank ends can be either red, yellow, or green. The 0 suits are not commonly played in domino games, but they are an important part of the game’s history and may be the reason that it was first invented in Italy.
In the early 18th century, the game became a fad in France. The word domino did not appear before that time, and the origin of the name is unknown. It is possible that it was derived from the hooded cloak worn by priests during carnival season or a masquerade.
Lily Hevesh, a 20-year-old domino artist, uses a version of the engineering-design process to create mind-blowing domino setups. She starts by thinking about the theme of her installation and brainstorming images or words she might want to use.
She then makes test versions of each section of her installation to ensure that they work individually and as a whole. She films these tests in slow motion so she can make precise corrections as necessary.
Then she assembles each section of the installation in order to achieve the desired effects, completing each section as it is put together. She then adds flat arrangements and lines of dominoes that connect all the sections together.
It’s all about putting one domino in front of the next to create a cascade of effects, and it happens because energy is transmitted from one domino to the next. Some of that potential energy turns to kinetic energy as the first domino falls, and it’s transferred to the next. The kinetic energy is then sent to the next domino until the entire line of dominoes has fallen.